The history of parcel delivery in the United States

Parcel delivery is the shipment of parcels by mail at higher value than single shipments. While the service is provided by most postal systems, private delivery services also exist in competition and set up in the main public postal services.

Parcel delivery in the United States

Private parcel services have occurred in the United States partly due to dissatisfaction with the US Post Office, whose rates are frequently inflated due to the monopoly it held on the post and the appointment of postmasters jobs with political patronage. In 1852, Wells Fargo was the first company formed to provide both banking and express services. These have hand in hand, as gold handling in California and other financial issues required a secure method to transport them across the country. From 1869 the mail service began to use the train as a means of transport thanks to its high speed.

In 1913, road freight services rose quickly with the advent of petrol trucks. United Parcel Service had its origins in this era, first as a private courier service. The general improvement of the road network after the Second World War led to its expansion into a national service, and other similar services appeared.

Airmail was designed early, and scheduled service began in 1918. Airlines transported high value and perishable goods from the beginning. The most important progress, however, came with the “hub and spoke,” a system developed by Federal Express (now known as FedEx) in 1973. With deregulation in 1977, they were able to set up an air-based system capable of delivering packages overnight in most countries. In response, the postal service launched a comparable express mail service. The irony of fate, in the same period, they also began a contract with Amtrak to transport the mail by rail. So, at the beginning of the 21st century,

The role of parcel shipping groups

The continued growth of businesses and consumers (B2C) and e-commerce has increased the demand for low-cost packet shipping services. The demand for cheap parcel shipping is particularly intense for online retailers and catalogs. These merchants, many of whom ship mostly low-priced merchandise, face consumers who resist paying exorbitant shipping costs (often pushed upward by fuel surcharges, residential delivery charges, etc.). for the delivery of parcels to their home.

Large parcel carriers, such as United Parcel Service (UPS) and FedEx, often include a table of ancillary fees (such as fuel and residential supplements) in addition to their usual fees. The US Postal Service (USPS) offers inexpensive solutions for the delivery of small parcels at home, such as the Select Parcel and the Parcel Post. However, many merchants prefer low-cost shipping options without sacrificing the visibility of their transit parcels (“track and trace”). The US Postal Service does offer a limited “delivery confirmation” as their lowest cost parcel delivery services, but more robust tracking is currently available only for express mail service and international services. Instead of that,